Loading
The Oregon Administrative Rules contain OARs filed through March 15, 2014
 
QUESTIONS ABOUT THE CONTENT OR MEANING OF THIS AGENCY'S RULES?
CLICK HERE TO ACCESS RULES COORDINATOR CONTACT INFORMATION

 

DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS

 

DIVISION 13

USE OF FORCE

291-013-0005

Authority, Purpose, and Policy

(1) Authority: The authority for this rule is granted to the Director of the Department of Corrections in accordance with ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030, and 423.075.

(2) Purpose: The purpose of this rule is to provide guidance and direction in the use of force and security equipment by Department of Corrections employees in the lawful performance of their duties. The rule is written to minimize risk to the general public associated with the escape of an inmate; minimize the likelihood of injury to employees, members of the general public, and inmates; prevent serious destruction of state property, and meet the mission of the Department.

(3) Policy:

(a) It is the policy of the Department of Corrections to authorize the use of force in circumstances specified in this rule. In such circumstances where force is authorized, the type, amount and manner of use of force authorized are further specified within this rule.

(b) The use of force and security equipment by Department employees is authorized by the Director through the appropriate functional unit manager.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 35-1978, f. 11-9-78, ef. 11-13-78; CD 16-1981(Temp), f. & ef. 6-5-81; CD 33-1981, f. & ef. 8-7-81; CD 3-1983, f. & ef. 1-20-83; CD 40-1985, f. & ef. 8-16-85; CD 42-1986, f. & ef. 10-17-86; CD 12-1988, f. & cert. ef. 9-30-88; CD 9-1989, f. & cert. ef. 6-20-89; CD 20-1991, f. & cert. ef. 8-28-91; CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98

291-013-0010

Definitions

(1) Carotid Hold: Application of a hold to the neck that restricts deoxygenated blood leaving the brain, which may result in the person to whom it is applied becoming unconscious.

(2) Chemical Agents: Chemical compounds that when deployed are designed to cause sufficient physiological effect to stop, control or temporarily incapacitate an individual.

(3) Choke Hold: Application of physical pressure applied directly to the neck area to restrict air from entering the lungs.

(4) Co-Located Minimum Security Facility/Level 2: A minimum security facility on the grounds of a medium or higher security facility, but not within the fenced perimeter of this higher security facility.

(5) Corporal Punishment: The use of physical force for the purpose of punishment.

(6) Department of Corrections Facility: Any institution, facility or staff office, including the grounds, operated by the Department of Corrections.

(7) Electronic Control Devices: Security equipment designed to stop, control or temporarily incapacitate through the use of high voltage, low amperage electric stimulation; e.g., conducted electrical weapons, electronic shield, etc.

(8) Excessive Force: A type or amount of force beyond that which is reasonably necessary to control the situation and achieve the correctional objective; or the continued use of force after it is no longer reasonably necessary.

(9) Functional Unit Manager: Any person within the Department of Corrections who reports to the Director, an Assistant Director or administrator and has responsibility for delivery of program services or coordination of program operations.

(10) Hogtie Method: Binding a person’s wrists and ankles together behind the back while in a prone position.

(11) Less Lethal Force: Systems that are explicitly designed and primarily employed so as to incapacitate while minimizing fatalities or permanent injury.

(12) Lethal Force: Physical force that has substantial risk of causing death.

(13) Level of Force: The type of force employed, amount of that type of force employed, and the circumstances within which the force is employed.

(14) Medium or Higher Security Facility/Level 3 or Higher: A medium or higher security facility may house multiple custody classifications of inmates within its secure perimeter, including custody Level 1 and 2 inmates. Medium or higher security facilities will treat all inmates as if they are classified Level 3 or higher custody.

(15) Negligent Discharge: An unintentional discharge caused by an action or event that an employee could and should have foreseen or prevented.

(16) Officer-in-Charge: That person designated by the functional unit manager to supervise and make operational decisions in accordance with department policy, rule or procedure during periods when the functional unit manager or officer-of-the-day is not readily available.

(17) Physical Force: The use of hands, other parts of the body, objects, instruments, chemical devices, electronic devices, firearms or other physical methods used to restrain, subdue, control, intimidate or to compel persons to act in a particular way, or to stop acting in a particular way.

(18) Planned Use of Force: The use of force in situations where time and circumstances allow for consultation and approval with higher ranking employees, and where there is some opportunity to plan the actual use of force.

(19) Prone Restraint: The process of placing an individual “face-down” upon a surface and then securing or limiting the movement of the arms, legs, or trunk from that surface.

(20) Reactive Use of Force: The use of force in situations where time and circumstances do not permit approval by higher ranking employees, or consultation or planning.

(21) Reasonable Force: The use of physical force to achieve a legitimate correctional objective, where the type and amount of force are consistent with the situation and the objective to be achieved; and where alternatives to physical force are unavailable or ineffective; and where the force used is the minimum necessary to control the situation.

(22) Restraint Chair: A restraining device that allows for a person to sit upright in a chair that is designed to immobilize the person’s arms and legs. In addition, the device provides for protection of the head for the person being restrained.

(23) Secure Custody: Custody exercised upon a person under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections by means of physical confinement within a facility of the Department of Corrections, or direct physical supervision of a person with or without use of restraints while outside a Department of Corrections facility.

(24) Security Equipment: Firearms, ammunition, batons, chemical agents, security restraints, electronic control devices, and similar devices.

(25) Security Restraints: Handcuffs, temporary cuffs, leg irons, belly chains, restraining chairs, and other similar equipment designed to restrict and control the person's movement from injuring himself/herself, others, and escape.

(25) Serious Physical Injury: Physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious and protracted disfigurement, protracted impairment of health, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ.

(27) Show of Force: A demonstration of the current ability to use force, such as the massing of officers or tactical squads.

(28) Stand Alone Minimum Security Facility: A minimum security facility that is not on the grounds of a medium or higher security facility.

(29) Specialty Impact Munitions: Munitions designed to incapacitate, distract, and control a subject with less likelihood of life threatening injury.

(30) Therapeutic Restraints: A type of restraint applied to an inmate for medical or mental health purposes, and designed to limit an inmate's movement. The kinds of restraints that may be used for therapeutic purposes include, but are not limited to, leather, rubber or canvas restraints for the arms, legs and upper torso.

(31) Use of Force: Any situation in which an employee uses physical force against an inmate or other person, except those situations in which security restraints are used in a standard manner for arrest, escort, or transport, or in which therapeutic restraints are used.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 35-1978, f. 11-9-78, ef. 11-13-78; CD 7-1982(Temp), f. & ef. 1-29-82; CD 12-1982, f. & ef. 3-19-82; CD 3-1983, f. & ef. 1-20-83; CD 40-1985, f. & ef. 8-16-85; CD 42-1986, f. & ef. 10-17-86; CD 26-1987, f. & ef. 6-5-87; CD 12-1988, f. & cert. ef. 9-30-88; CD 21-1988(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 12-30-88; CD 9-1989, f. & cert. ef. 6-20-89; CD 20-1991, f. & cert. ef. 8-28-91; CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; CD 20-1995, f. 10-26-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 3-2004(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 1-27-04 thru 7-25-04; Administrative correction 8-19-04; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

Procedures

291-013-0055

Applicability of the Rules

(1) All employees shall be thoroughly familiar with the departmental guidelines of this rule.

(2) Those employees whose duties require them to be in both institutional and community situations shall be thoroughly familiar with all sections of this rule. Parole and probation officers shall follow the department’s rule on Use of Force (Community Corrections) (OAR 291-022) to provide guidance and direction in use of force incidents.

(3) If there is any question about specific equipment, procedures, etc., in a use of force situation, an employee shall be directed by the location of the situation, either in an institution or the community, rather than by distinctions concerning where he/she is duty stationed.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

Departmental Guidelines

291-013-0065

General Provisions-Use of Force

(1) Employees are authorized to apply physical force when and to the degree that it reasonably appears necessary. Use of force will be authorized to maintain legitimate correctional objectives:

(a) For self defense or defend another person against an inmate by using reasonable force;

(b) To prevent the escape of an inmate from secure custody;

(c) To prevent the escape of an inmate during transportation;

(d) To prevent or stop the serious destruction of property;

(e) To quell a disturbance;

(f) To overcome an inmate's physical resistance to a valid order; or

(g) To prevent an inmate from injuring or killing himself/herself or other persons.

(2) Physical force shall be employed when it reasonably appears that other alternatives are not feasible to the situation. When the use of force is justified, only the amount and type of force that reasonably appears necessary to accomplish the authorized objective shall be used. Force shall be de-escalated or terminated as soon as possible consistent with resuming and maintaining control of the situation.

(a) An employee shall consider all types and amounts of force available and begin with the lowest type and amount that is reasonable given the specifics of the situation.

(b) Non-force alternatives, such as talking an inmate into compliance, giving a warning, verbal command or demonstrating a show of force, should be used before actual physical force, if time and circumstances permit.

(c) Immediate use of physical force is authorized in circumstances in which warnings and other non-force alternatives, such as talking an inmate into compliance, are not reasonable or available to the employee.

(d) Employees may use physical force, to include control and compliance holds and hand-to-hand physical techniques, to restrict, immobilize, and attain control of the resisting inmate.

(e) Both the carotid hold and choke hold are prohibited except in self-defense or defense of another where there is no reasonable alternative and where the situation is a clear and immediate threat to life.

(3) Prior to the use of force when time and circumstances permit, the employee will warn the inmate that force will be used if he/she does not immediately comply with staff orders.

(4) An employee will exercise caution before the use of force, if time and circumstances permit, by performing the following:

(a) Evaluate the situation for the elements of risk;

(b) Report the situation to master control or a supervisor; and

(c) Work with a backup employee, preferably with the direct observation of a supervisor.

(5) Use of force and subsequent restraints shall be used only for restraint and not for punishment.

(6) Intentional verbal harassment or public humiliation to provoke an inmate into a position that would justify the use of force is prohibited.

(7) Nothing in these rules is intended, or should be interpreted, as preventing an employee from taking reasonable measures to protect himself/herself, to protect the lives of others, stop disturbances or escapes, or prevent serious destruction of state property.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; CD 20-1995, f. 10-26-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 14-2005, f. 10-14-05, cert. ef. 10-24-05

291-013-0070

Planned Use of Force

(1) The functional unit manager or designee will be contacted for authorization of the planned use of force involving firearms, batons, water hoses, electronic control devices, specialty impact munitions, and chemical agents other than aerosol sprays.

(2) Any planned use of force shall be carried out under the personal direction of supervisory or higher level staff, and only after consultation with and approval of the officer-in-charge. The officer-in-charge may be present when the use of force is employed if there is no anticipated danger of becoming a hostage.

(a) Chemical agents, electronic control device, baton, water force, or specialty impact munitions may be used prior to the arrival of the supervising employee if immediate use is essential to prevent and/or control death, serious injury, major disturbance or substantial destruction of property.

(b) If an employee is assaulted, he/she will not participate in a planned use of force, unless no other option is available; e.g., no other employees are readily available to participate in the planned use of force.

(3) A health care professional shall be contacted, if on duty at the facility, prior to the planned use of force to ensure medical assistance is readily available, if necessary, and to evaluate the inmate if he/she is medically high risk.

(4) If the inmate has a known history of mental health concerns, a mental health professional shall be contacted and consulted, if on duty at the facility, prior to the planned use of force to ensure mental health assistance is readily available, if necessary in accordance with DOC policy 40.1.14.

(5) Every planned use of force situation shall be videotaped provided that time and circumstances permit.

(a) The video recording should include a briefing, the use of force incident, and debriefing. The video recording should not be stopped during the use of force incident.

(b) The original video recording will be stored by the functional unit in accordance with the approved retention schedules from the date of the incident, or the time stored will be extended until the resolution of pending or actual litigation, or as otherwise directed by the department’s legal counsel.

(c) A back-up video recording will be made and sent to the Office of the Inspector General. The Office of the Inspector General’s will store the back-up tape in accordance with the approved retention schedule.

(d) Back-up tapes will be returned to the originating facility for disposition. A use of force video recording may be released with the approval of the functional unit manager or designee.

(6) The commander shall authorize the type and amount of force used during any declared emergency at a facility except for reactive use of force.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; CD 20-1995, f. 10-26-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0125; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0080

Reactive Use of Force

(1) Reactive use of force will be allowed for situations where time and circumstances do not permit approval by a supervisor or consultation or planning.

(2) Employees may use any available equipment or weapons to prevent the loss of life or serious bodily injury, if no other reasonable alternative or time is available.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020,423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020 & 423.030
Hist.: DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0100

Lethal Force

(1) Employees shall consider every reasonable means of control before resorting to the use of lethal force.

(2) Use of Lethal Force in Medium/Level 3 or Higher Security Facilities: Lethal force may be used when and to the extent that an employee reasonably believes it necessary:

(a) To prevent imminent serious bodily injury or death to one's self or another person.

(b) To prevent escape by an inmate from secure custody, whether inside or outside the secure perimeter of a Department of Corrections facility while the inmate is on department grounds.

(c) To prevent or stop a riot or other group disturbance by inmates where there is reason to believe an inmate poses a threat of escape or imminent serious bodily injury or death to another person.

(d) To prevent an unauthorized person(s) or motor vehicle(s) from attempting to breach the secure perimeter of a Department of Corrections facility in order to assist in an escape or insurrection by an inmate(s).

(e) To prevent or stop extensive damage to property if, and only if, its loss or destruction would lead directly to escape or imminent serious bodily injury or death to another person.

(f) To prevent or stop an inmate or other person from setting or spreading fire to or within a building within the secure perimeter of a Department of Corrections facility, where there is reason to believe the fire poses a threat of serious bodily injury or death to another person.

(3) Any inmate moving toward an unauthorized motor vehicle or airborne craft, whether inside or outside the secure perimeter of the facility, shall be considered to be a potential escape attempt. Shots shall not be fired at an airborne craft in a flight over the perimeter, landing, on the ground, or taking off from the facility except in self defense to one’s self or another person where the situation is a clear and immediate threat to life.

(4) Use of Lethal Force in Stand Alone Minimum Security Facilities/Level 2: Lethal force may not be used to prevent the escape of an inmate from a stand alone minimum security facility.

(5) Use of Lethal Force in Co-Located Minimum Security Facilities/Level 2: Lethal force may not be used to prevent the escape of an inmate from a co-located minimum security facility if the staff member knows the inmate is classified as minimum custody.

(6) Use of lethal force in community situations; e.g., transport of an inmate, supervision of outside work crews, is covered under OAR 291-013-0215.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0155; DOC 3-2004(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 1-27-04 thru 7-25-04; Administrative correction 8-19-04; Renumbered from 291-013-0090; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 14-2005, f. 10-14-05, cert. ef. 10-24-05; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08

291-013-0104

Security Equipment

(1) General Provisions:

(a) The Institutions Administrator will review all security equipment. The Director or designee shall approve all security equipment before it is issued and used as department authorized security equipment.

(b) Only department authorized and/or issued equipment shall be used to apply physical force to individuals.

(c) Security equipment shall not be issued to or used by an employee who has not been trained in the proper use of such devices.

(d) The above three sections (a)–(c) apply to all use of force incidents except for situations that require reactive use of force where there is a clear and imminent threat of death or great bodily injury, and where there is no other reasonable alternative.

(e) The storage and use of security equipment will be authorized by the Director through the appropriate functional unit manager.

(2) Security Restraints — General Use of Restraints:

(a) Security restraints are authorized to restrict, immobilize and control the movement of an inmate.

(b) The standard routine use of security restraints for escort or transportation of an inmate is not a use of force within the context of these rules. Situations in which an inmate has refused to be placed in security restraints, or has resisted after being placed in restraints are considered use of force within the context of these rules.

(3) Restricting Movement:

(a) Security restraints may be used to restrain an inmate with the express approval of the officer-in-charge, upon a demonstration that the inmate is out of control and engaged in behavior which, if unrestrained could:

(A) Result in significant destruction of property;

(B) Constitute a serious health or injury hazard to the inmate or others; or

(C) Escalate into a serious disturbance.

(b) Security restraints used to restrain an out-of-control inmate shall be terminated when the inmate has demonstrated behavior which would not result in the above three sections (A)–(C).

(c) Placing an inmate in security restraints or a restraint chair shall be considered a use of force within the context of these rules, except when placing an inmate in handcuffs/restraints for transportation or escort.

(d) Security restraints will not be placed around the neck or head, nor in any manner that restricts blood circulation or breathing.

(e) The hogtie method will not be used as a security restraint.

(f) Employees in general shall ensure that unnecessary pressure is not placed on the inmate’s chest, back or neck while applying restraints. Employees shall maintain close observation of a restrained inmate in order to detect breathing difficulties and/or loss of consciousness.

(g) While using the prone restraint position when the correctional objective is met the inmate should be placed on his/her side or moved into a sitting position as soon as feasible. Employees will assess the inmate’s physical condition.

(h) Restrained inmates will never be transported on their stomach.

(i) An employee shall check at least every 30 minutes and verify security restraints are not causing obvious injury or an obvious medical problem when an inmate has been placed in restraints as a result of a use of force situation. Each check of the restraints will be documented. A copy of the documentation shall accompany the unusual incident report.

(j) The officer-in-charge shall evaluate the need to restrain an out-of-control inmate every two hours with written documentation for the reason(s) to continue or discontinue security restraints or restraint chair. The documentation shall accompany the use-of-force review documentation.

(k) The officer-in-charge will notify a health care professional as soon as feasible, but not later than four hours from the application of security restraints or restraint chair.

(l) The health care professional, when notified, will perform the following:

(A) Evaluate the inmate's condition to verify the security restraints are not causing injury or an obvious medical problem;

(B) Evaluate the inmate's mental status and notify a qualified mental health professional, if necessary;

(C) Consider treatment or intervention as an alternative, or in conjunction with security restraints;

(D) Document the results of the evaluation; and

(E) Physically re-evaluate sections (A)–(D) above every two hours.

(m) Use of security restraints or restraint chair to restrain an out-of-control inmate will be documented and reported by the officer-in-charge to the functional unit manager or designee. The documentation shall accompany the use of force review documentation.

(n) Continued use of security restraints applied for a time period longer than eight hours, and every eight hours thereafter, shall require the written approval of the functional unit manager or designee in addition to the requirements of sections (j), (k), and (l) above.

(o) Continued use of the restraint chair for a time period longer than two hours, and every two hours thereafter, shall require the written or verbal approval of the functional unit manager or designee in addition to the requirements of sections (j), (k), and (l) above.

(p) Continued use of the restraint chair for a time period longer than two hours, and every two hours thereafter, during the transporting of an inmate shall require the verbal approval of the functional unit manager or designee.

(A) The officer-in-charge of the transport shall ensure that observation of the inmate is maintained and documented on the Trip Documentation Sheet every 30 minutes. The officer-in-charge shall ensure that the inmate is evaluated by a health care professional once the final destination is reached.

(B) Placing an inmate in the restraint chair shall be considered a use of force within the context of these rules, except when the restraint chair is being utilized as additional seating for inmates during transfers.

(q) Therapeutic Restraints: The documentation, application and use of therapeutic restraints will not be considered a use of force situation, but shall be in accordance with the department’s rule on Therapeutic Restraints (OAR 291-071). Therapeutic restraints will be:

(A) Applied to an inmate only for medical or mental health treatment to limit the inmate’s movement; and

(B) Applied to an inmate only upon the documented verbal or written order of a physician, except in the absence of a physician, a registered nurse may authorize the application of therapeutic restraints for a period not to exceed one hour.

(4) Chemical Agents, Electronic Control Devices, Batons, Water Force and Specialty Impact Munitions:

(a) The use of chemical agents other than aerosol spray, electronic control devices, batons, water force, and specialty impact munitions shall be authorized only by the functional unit manager or designee. The decision to use chemical agents, electronic control devices, batons, water force and specialty impact munitions shall be based on the level of force that, in the judgment of the functional unit manager or designee, is most likely to resolve the situation with the least amount of injury to all parties involved.

(b) The use of chemical agents, electronic control devices, batons, water force and specialty impact munitions may be used to subdue an inmate when the level of physical hands-on force required to subdue the inmate would potentially subject the employee, inmate or others to greater injury than would be incurred through the use of this security equipment.

(5) Use of Chemical Agents:

(a) The amount and type of chemical agent used and the means of dispersal shall be limited to that necessary to achieve the correctional objective and be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and departmental training.

(b) Prior to the use of any chemical agent, and where time and circumstances permit, the inmate against whom it is directed shall be warned chemical agents will be used.

(c) If possible, a chemical agent shall not be used against an inmate known to suffer cardio-vascular, convulsive or respiratory ailments.

(d) An employee recently assaulted by an inmate shall not approve or apply chemical agents to the particular inmate, unless there is no reasonable alternative.

(e) An inmate shall not be restrained or held for the sole purpose of rendering him/her a more stationary target for a chemical agent. If chemical agents are administered to a handcuffed inmate, staff shall document the reason why the removal of the handcuffs was not feasible.

(f) Those affected by a chemical agent shall be permitted to wash their face, eyes and other exposed skin areas, as soon as possible after the chemical agent has been used.

(g) Those affected by a chemical agent in a closed area shall be permitted to move to an uncontaminated area as soon as possible after the chemical agent has been used.

(h) Clothing exposed to a chemical agent shall be removed as soon as feasible and clean clothing made immediately available.

(i) An employee(s) or inmate(s) affected by a chemical agent shall be examined by a health care professional as soon as feasible after the chemical agent has been used.

(j) An inmate(s) receiving an application of a chemical agent shall be under continuous staff observation for the first ten minutes.

(A) The inmate shall then be observed approximately every ten minutes for the first 30 minutes after receiving the application of a chemical agent.

(B) All observations shall be documented with a date and time reference.

(C) The documentation shall accompany the use of force review documentation.

(6) Use of Electronic Control Devices:

(a) Only agency approved electronic control devices shall be used.

(b) Medical Considerations:

(A) As soon as feasible following each use of an electronic control device, the inmate shall be afforded medical examination and treatment.

(B) An electronic control device shall not be deployed if there is knowledge that the inmate is pregnant.

(C) If the electronic control device utilizes probes that penetrate the skin, the probes shall be removed when the inmate is under control. Medical staff, if on duty at the facility, shall remove the probes. Trained security staff may remove the probes if medical staff are not available.

(D) If probes are embedded in soft tissue areas such as the head, neck, face and groin, removal shall be done by medical staff only.

(c) Electronic control devices will not be used in conjunction with aerosol propelled chemical agents.

(d) Prior to the deployment of an electronic control device, the supervisor and person assigned to be the operator shall have attended the approved departmental training on the operation and protocol associated with its use.

(7) Use of Specialty Impact Weapons:

(a) Specialty impact munitions are intended as a less lethal alternative to the use of deadly force. Use of specialty impact munitions shall be authorized by the functional unit manager or designee prior to deployment.

(b) After each use of specialty impact munitions, exposed inmates shall be examined by Health Services personnel.

(8) Firearms:

(a) The functional unit manager or designee will authorize the location and carrying of a department issued firearm on the grounds of a facility.

(b) A Transportation Unit officer or facility correctional officer may carry a firearm in the performance of his/her duties as authorized by the functional unit manager/designee and in accordance with the department policy.

(c) Prior to resorting to the use of firearms against an inmate or other persons, time and circumstances permitting, an employee shall first issue an appropriate warning to the inmate or other person in a readily understandable fashion. An appropriate warning may include, but is not limited to, one or more of the following:

(A) Shouting;

(B) Blowing a whistle;

(C) Hand signals; or

(D) Firing a warning shot.

(d) The discharge of a firearm will be handled in accordance with the departmental policy. The State Police or local law enforcement officials shall be notified to investigate any discharge of a firearm except for training or negligent discharge where injury or significant property damage has not occurred. The external law enforcement investigation shall be separate from the full review.

(e) Any employee involved in the discharge of a firearm in a situation on duty shall immediately report the incident to the officer-in-charge. The employee shall follow the department’s policy on Critical Incident (40.1.8).

(f) A warning shot is the least preferred method of warning. It should be used only in situations where other warning methods are not practical or effective, and when there is a target that is sufficiently large to minimize the risk of harm to others from a missed shot or ricochet.

(g) Time and circumstances permitting, an employee shall attempt to warn an inmate that is observed to be:

(A) Entering or inside a restricted security perimeter zone;

(B) Tampering with or cutting security perimeter equipment or fence/wall;

(C) On or climbing a security fence/wall;

(D) Moving toward any motor vehicle or airborne craft in an obvious attempt to escape;

(E) Engaged in any other behavior that is a clear or obvious attempt to escape; or

(F) Engaged in any behavior that poses serious bodily injury or death to oneself or another person.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; Renumbered from 291-013-0090, DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 14-2005, f. 10-14-05, cert. ef. 10-24-05; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0110

Bloodborne Pathogens

When a person has been exposed to blood or body fluid resulting from the use of force, standard universal precautions shall be implemented as described in the department's policy on Bloodborne Pathogens (20.6.7).

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0075; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0120

Injury, Death or Hostage

(1) Whenever an employee's use of force results in the serious injury or death of another, he/she shall be placed on leave until an investigation of the matter by the Inspector General and/or State Police can be concluded.

(2) Whenever an employee has been taken hostage, he/she shall be placed on leave with pay until medical and psychological clearance has been obtained.

(3) Any employee involved in or immediately exposed to a critical incident involving the serious injury, hostage or death of another shall be provided a critical incident stress debriefing.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0085; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0130

Notifications

(1) Whenever force is used, a detailed written report shall be prepared. The Unusual Incident Report (CD 115) will be used as the primary document to report all use of force situations.

(2) All employees witnessing or directly involved in a use of force incident shall individually prepare and submit a written memorandum describing their involvement and observation regarding the incident. The memorandum will be attached to the Unusual Incident Report (CD 115).

(3) A Use of Force — Preliminary Review Summary (CD 1346) will accompany the Unusual Incident Report.

(4) Supervisory notification and authorization will be obtained prior to a planned use of force.

(5) The appropriate supervisor shall be notified by the involved employee(s) as soon as possible following a reactive use of force. The functional unit manager or designee will be notified immediately following any use of force incident.

(6) The Unusual Incident Report will be forwarded to the appropriate Institutions Administrator within five working days of the incident.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0095; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0140

Reviews

(1) General:

(a) Whenever staff employs force in response to an incident involving an inmate, a preliminary review of the use of force incident shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures established in these rules.

(b) A full review of a use of force incident shall be conducted by independent departmental review in accordance with the procedures established in these rules when requested by the Inspector General, or when the following circumstances exist:

(A) A person received a serious physical injury in the course of the use of force incident; or

(B) A firearm was discharged during the incident, as defined in the firearms section of OAR 291-013-0105.

(c) The Inspector General may decide if the full review process for the incident requires assembly of a departmental review team to conduct the full review, or order a separate investigation be conducted by a special investigator from the Investigations Unit.

(2) Preliminary Review:

(a) The officer-in-charge shall conduct a preliminary review of all use of force incidents within 48 hours of the incident.

(b) Staff involved in the use of force incident shall prepare, assemble and provide to the officer-in-charge all information and records that are relevant to the incident, including but not limited to reports, documents, videos, and photographs of involved persons and witnesses. Staff and/or inmates may be interviewed as necessary to clarify or obtain relevant information. The officer-in-charge shall review the information and records to ensure the documentation of the incident is complete.

(c) The officer-in-charge shall review the documentation for compliance with administrative directives and prepare a preliminary review report. The officer-in-charge shall forward the preliminary review report and supporting documentation to the Assistant Superintendent of Security/security manager, with one of the following recommendations:

(A) In compliance with administrative directives, requires only a preliminary review; and

(i) No further action is required; or

(ii) Further corrective action is required by the functional unit manager or designee to address perceived training, security, or other operational issues;

(B) In compliance with administrative directives, but requires a full review; or

(C) Not in compliance with administrative directives, but requires only a preliminary review because appropriate corrective action has been taken by the functional unit manager or designee; or

(D) Not in compliance with administrative directives, and requires a full review.

(d) The Assistant Superintendent of Security/security manager shall review the preliminary review report and all supporting documentation and make any necessary modification or additions he/she deems necessary. The review shall include a preliminary review of the video footage and all associated reports. The preliminary review report and supporting documentation shall be forwarded to the functional unit manager.

(e) The functional unit manager shall review the preliminary review report and all supporting documentation and make any necessary modification or additions he/she deems necessary. The review shall include a preliminary review of the video footage and all associated reports. The functional unit manager shall document all corrective action taken. If the functional unit manager notes signs of excessive force, he/she shall notify the appropriate Institutions Administrator directly and provide necessary documents, so that there is no undue delay in initiating a full review or separate investigation. The functional unit manager shall make his/her recommendation on the preliminary review and forward the preliminary review and supporting documentation to the Institutions Administrator.

(f) The Institutions Administrator shall review the preliminary review report and supporting documentation. The Institutions Administrator may determine no further review is required. If the Institutions Administrator determines a full review is warranted, all relevant information will be forwarded to the Inspector General or designee for further review.

(g) All preliminary review reports and supporting documentation will be forwarded the Office of Inspector General for record retention.

(3) Full Review:

(a) When a full review of a use of force incident is requested by the Institutions Administrator and approved by the Inspector General or otherwise required under these rules, a departmental review team shall be assembled to conduct the full review, or a separate investigation shall be conducted by a special investigator from the Investigations Unit.

(b) The departmental review team shall include, at a minimum, a representative from Special Investigations assigned by the Inspector General and a representative from two separate functional units other than the functional unit in which the incident took place. The functional unit representatives may include a represented employee. The Special Investigations representative shall chair the review team and arrange for the appointment of the review team members in consultation with the functional unit managers.

(c) The departmental review team shall review the final preliminary review report and all supporting documentation for compliance with administrative directives.

(d) If any member of the review team deems it necessary or advisable to have additional staff or inmate interviews conducted, the review team chair shall arrange for an Investigations Unit employee(s) to conduct the interview(s).

(e) If the review team chair determines that a crime may have been committed in the course of the use of force incident, he/she shall contact the State Police or local law enforcement officials before arranging for any additional interview(s), to determine if the law enforcement officials are conducting a criminal investigation regarding the incident, and if so, whether the additional interview(s) would interfere with the investigation.

(f) If advised that the interview(s) would interfere with a pending criminal investigation, the interview(s) shall be postponed until the criminal investigation has been concluded.

(g) Evaluation Report:

(A) After completing the review process, the review team shall prepare and submit its evaluation report to the Inspector General within 30 working days following completion of the full review.

(B) The report shall set forth the departmental review team’s determination whether the actions taken were in compliance with Department of Corrections administrative directive(s).

(C) If the review team finds evidence of noncompliance, it shall specify these findings and the rationale upon which the findings have been based in its report.

(D) The Inspector General shall review the report for completeness and forward it to the functional unit manager, appropriate Institutions Administrator, and Assistant Director of Operations for review and any necessary action.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; CD 20-1995, f. 10-26-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0105; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

Security Employees Operating In the Community

291-013-0185

General Provisions

(1) An employee performing duties in the community will not participate in any planned use of force situations.

(2) An employee performing duties in the community will immediately contact the local law enforcement agency for a crime in progress or anticipated use of force to allow the law enforcement agency to resolve the situation.

(3) The local law enforcement agency will be the primary agency expected to resolve incidents in the community involving the use of force.

(4) An employee's decision to remain at the scene of a potentially dangerous situation in the community, or to become involved with cooperative efforts with the law enforcement agency will be based on safety and tactical judgments that exclude whether he/she is carrying a firearm.

(5) An employee shall always use the minimum force that is reasonably necessary to protect the employee or another person from bodily harm, or restrain or subdue a resistant inmate, or prevent the escape of an inmate.

(6) Escalation to a higher level of force is permitted only when such a higher level of force is warranted by the actions, apparent intentions, and apparent capabilities of the inmate, suspect, or assailant.

(7) The use of force must be objectively reasonable under all the circumstances known to the employees at the time. The use of force may range from verbal commands to the use of lethal force. If the force other than lethal force reasonably appears to be sufficient to achieve the correctional objective, lethal force shall not be used.

(8) Lethal and non-lethal devices shall be concealed from the general public when and where appropriate. A device should not be inspected or handled in view of the public unless for an operational purpose.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0190

Off-Duty Situations

(1) Off-duty employees who observe a crime in progress or a fugitive should immediately contact the local law enforcement agency and allow the law enforcement agency to resolve the situation.

(2) Employees shall avoid using department issued equipment or role status to intervene in use of force situations when off duty; however, the Department of Corrections recognizes employees have citizen arrest powers and the right to intervene in crimes in progress.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98, Renumbered from 291-013-0115; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0195

Protective Body Armor

(1) An employee shall wear department-issued body armor whenever the employee is armed, when accompanied by another employee that is armed, or when the employee has a chemical agent spray in the community.

(2) The functional unit manager shall approve any exception to the wearing of body armor.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.030
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0205

Chemical Agents

(1) Authorization to carry a chemical agent shall be authorized by the functional unit manager if a chemical agent is authorized.

(2) Authorization to carry department issued chemical agents shall be limited to the performance of official duties.

(3) Employees authorized to carry a chemical agent shall carry the chemical agent whenever:

(a) Protective body armor is worn; or

(b) A firearm is carried.

(4) An employee shall only discharge a chemical agent for the following:

(a) To defend himself/herself or another person from an animal attack.

(b) To defend himself/herself or another person from imminent danger.

(c) To enforce a valid order(s) to an inmate to submit to the application of restraints.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08

291-013-0206

Electronic Control Devices

(1) Only agency approved electronic control devices shall be used.

(2) Use of an electronic restraint device for court appearances or transportation will be approved by the functional unit manager or designee.

(3) Medical Considerations:

(a) As soon as feasible following each use of an electronic control device, the inmate shall be afforded medical examination and treatment.

(b) An electronic control device shall not be deployed if there is knowledge that the inmate is pregnant.

(c) If the electronic control device utilizes probes that penetrate the skin, they shall be removed when the inmate is under control. If available, medical staff shall remove the probes. Trained security staff may remove the probes if medical staff are not available.

(d) If probes are embedded in soft tissue areas such as the head, neck, face and groin removal shall be done by medical staff only.

(4) Electronic control devices will not be used in conjunction with aerosol propelled chemical agents.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0215

Lethal Force

(1) Employees shall consider every reasonable means of control before resorting to the use of lethal force.

(2) Use of Lethal Force During Transporting of Inmates: An employee may use lethal force when transporting an inmate(s) to the extent that an employee reasonably believes it necessary to:

(a) Prevent imminent serious bodily injury or death to the employee or another person.

(b) Prevent the escape of an inmate classified as custody Level 3 or higher, of if the inmate is classified as custody Level 1 and 2 and is being transported with another inmate(s) who has been classified as custody Level 3 or higher.

(3) Use of Lethal Force When Supervising Custody Level 1 and 2 Inmates Engaged in Work Crews or Other Approved Activities in the Community: Supervisors of custody Level 1 and 2 inmates engaged in work crews or other authorized activities in the community are not authorized to use lethal force to prevent an escape. Lethal force may be used to prevent imminent serious bodily injury or death to the supervisor or another person.

(4) Prior to resorting to the use of lethal force against an inmate or other person, if feasible, the employee shall give a verbal warning from the imminent use of lethal force.

(5) A warning shot will not be used in the community before the use of lethal force. Other practical warning methods will be used, if time and circumstances permit, before using lethal force.

(6) Firearms will not be fired at or from a moving vehicle or airborne craft, except in self defense or defense of another from the imminent use of lethal force.

(7) Firearms will not be used if innocent people are in the line of fire.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 3-2004(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 1-27-04 thru 7-25-04; Administrative correction 8-19-04; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04; DOC 19-2008, f. & cert. ef. 8-7-08; DOC 6-2013, f. & cert. ef. 6-21-13

291-013-0225

Notifications

(1) Whenever force is used, a detailed written report shall be prepared. The Unusual Incident Report (CD 115) will be used as the primary document to report all use of force situations.

(2) All employees witnessing or directly involved in a use of force incident shall individually prepare and submit a written memorandum describing their involvement and observation regarding the incident. The memorandum will be attached to the Unusual Incident Report.

(3) A Use of Force -- Preliminary Review Summary (CD 1346) will accompany the Unusual Incident Report.

(4) Supervisory notification and authorization will be obtained prior to a planned use of force. The involved employee shall notify the appropriate supervisor as soon as possible following a reactive use of force. The functional unit manager or designee will be notified immediately following any use of force incident.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

291-013-0235

Reviews

In addition to the requirements of OAR 291-013-0140, use of force reviews shall be required as follows:

(1) A preliminary review is required whenever an employee unholsters a firearm, but does not point the firearm at an individual.

(2) A full review is required whenever an employee unholsters a firearm and points the firearm at an individual.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Stats. Implemented: ORS 179.040, 423.020, 423.030 & 423.075
Hist.: CD 3-1995, f. & cert. ef. 1-19-95; DOC 14-1998, f. & cert. ef. 6-18-98; DOC 15-2004, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-04

The official copy of an Oregon Administrative Rule is contained in the Administrative Order filed at the Archives Division, 800 Summer St. NE, Salem, Oregon 97310. Any discrepancies with the published version are satisfied in favor of the Administrative Order. The Oregon Administrative Rules and the Oregon Bulletin are copyrighted by the Oregon Secretary of State. Terms and Conditions of Use

Oregon Secretary of State • 136 State Capitol • Salem, OR 97310-0722
Phone: (503) 986-1523 • Fax: (503) 986-1616 • oregon.sos@state.or.us

© 2013 State of Oregon All Rights Reserved​